Thursday, June 16, 2016

Examining transit tracks on the map

Since last time I've implemented some more of Andreas' nice transit routing mockups.

After performing a search, the map view is zoomed and positioned to accomodate the starting and ending points, as can be seen here, and since at this point no itinerary is selected for further viewing, there are no trails drawn on the map yet.

After selecting an individual itinerary it is drawn out in detail as shown in the following shots:



And zooming in on the start, and you'll see the walking path in this case until reaching the first transit.

The little icons shown in the map marker for boarding locations will match the transit mode icon as shown in the overview list (buses in this case).

And in case the transit data has information about line colors this will reflect the trail segments on the map as well:


The next step on this journey (pun intended :) ) will be to allow expanding each leg of an itinerary to view the intermediate stops, and in case of walking, show the turn point instructions, and also being able to highligt these on the map.

Oh, and as a little word of warning, in case someone is planning on trying this out at home, there is currently a bug in the latest git master of OpenTripPlanner that makes useage without OSM data loaded in the server (as is what I have intended for GNOME usage, since we already have GraphHopper, and as OTP would probably not scale well loading many large regions worth of raw OSM data) querying for routes using pure coordinates doesn't work in that case, so I'm on a couple of weeks old commit right now.
I might wait until this is resolve. Or I might actually look into trying to query for transit stops near the start and finish point and use that when performing the actual query, which might actually yield better result when selecting a subset of allowed transit modes.

It is also probably time to start trying to find funding for a machine hosting an OTP instance for GNOME :-)

And that's that for today!

Wednesday, June 8, 2016

Rendering transit itineraries in Maps

Since last time, I've spent some time polishing up the rendering of transit itineraries a bit.


In this example, there are some routes with not that many legs, in this case we show the full route name (the route name can typically be a bit longer for i.e. trains).
Also, as you can see the route labels are now rendered with rectangles with nice rounded corners (when thinking about such "roundrects", I always remember this story: Round Rects are Everywhere ).
I had to dive into Cairo rendering to do this, as I couldn't find an easy way to do this with CSS styling (maybe it would have been possible to override the CSS provider somehow), but fortunately Cairo is accessible from JS, so I didn't have to involve C… :-)

The next screenshot shows some itineraries with many "legs", in this case the route labels have been omitted (but the information will of course be available when examining a specific itinerary).



Here we can see another case where some of the route labels have been "condensed", showing the operator name instead of the full route name (for the trains in this example).

In the following screenshot there's some routes with white as the route color, in this case (when the luminosity of color is above a certain threshold), a black outline is drawn around the route label to pronounce it a bit more.

And some itineraries in Brussels again… Also, the route label code has some contrast-checking safe-guard code, that should ensure good contrast, should some data feed contain bogus data.

And when "diving in" to an itinerary it will show the steps and transfers. Still missing is expand these steps to show intermediate stops passed in an itinerary leg, or directions for walking in those cases. Also, the path rendered on the map is still hard-coded to the first one found, it should be updated as the user views a specific itinerary. And yes, the positioning of the headsign labels are a bit off (right before preparing screenshots for this post, I saw that in some case the route label was truncated, so I tried mitigate that, but the result is not optimal so stay tuned).

And lastly, I added some animations for options toolbar GtkRevealer and the stack switching between the itinerary overview and "diving in" on an itinerary. So this prompts for a video:


So, that's it for today.

Wednesday, June 1, 2016

Transit routing starting to show some life-signs

Since last time, Andreas Nilsson produced some awesome mockups of public transit routing.


So, I ofcourse coudn't resist jumping on these awesome mockups and start implement it.

Right now it's at the point where it can render the ”overview list” of itineraries when performing a search. You can now also select a later departure time (or arrival time, for cases where that makes sense).

After performing a search, something like this can show up:


The route labels (line numbers) are still a bit rough, they should have some rounded corner and spacing, also the text size should probably be slightly smaller. I think the rounded corners and padding should be possible to achieve using a GtkLabel and a custom CSS style (and not having to implement a custom widget inheriting GtkDrawingArea and implement custom drawing using Cairo).
If the transit data feed gives back route color information, this is used here as well (unfortunatly the Swedish data doesn't currently include this). The colors in the screenshot above are fallbacks I put in (which might be adjusted later on).

STIB in Brussels, Belgium does however:


Currently the code is just using whatever colors would come with the data. These colors should probably be checked for good contrast (there's algorithms published by the W3C that we should be able to use for this), and bail out to a good default if the data is clearly less-than-optimal. Also, in case there's only a background color supplied, it should be possible to automagically compute a suitable text color.

Also, as you can see in the screenshots are the new nice icons Andreas made for the various transit modes.

For a more “exotic“ example:


Here you can see an itinerary with Portland's ”Aerial Tram” gondola lift. Also, as you can see here, the route labels gets pretty long (and ”shifts out” the routing side panel), on the TODO is deducing some more compact route labels for the overview view (i.e. using the agency name if it's shorter, or just cut it off and ellipsize). Another interesting point in this screenshot (which was taken just after the previous one) is that the times shown are in the local time zone of the area in question.


Here the departure time was set at approximatly the same time as the local time here when I took the screenshots, which then would give you a trip at that time (21:50) in Portland's timezone (and as can be seen, the gondola lift seems to have ended service for the day).

Oh, and another thing. I added an option to override the (for now hardcoded to using localhost) URL of the OpenTripPlanner instance. This could be used if you know of some publicly available server, or would like to run your own to test with on another machine (or in a VM).

Next up I will take a look at those label issues mentioned, and then move on to implement the “show a specific itinerary view” a.k.a. ”dive into a route” from the mockups.

And one last thing, the route being rendered in the map view is still hardcoded to the first itinerary in result list, this should ofcourse later on be changed so that it changes when you view the individual itineraries in detail.

Tuesday, May 17, 2016

News on public transit routing in GNOME Maps

So, this time there's not any fancy new screenshots to showcase…

I've been updating the otp-updater project adding support for storing a configuration so that the script could be run without pointing out the list of GTFS feeds and path to the OpenTripPlanner wrapper script (for re-generating graphs) straight from the command line.
I also added a little README and a sample configuration and feed list so that hopefully it should be a little easier, should someone want to try this out in conjunction with the https://git.gnome.org/browse/gnome-maps/log/?h=wip/mlundblad/transit-routing transit routing WIP branch.

Meanwhile, Andreas Nilsson has been busy making some user interviews and compiled a set of user stories.

https://wiki.gnome.org/Design/Apps/Maps/PublicTransportation/Interviews
https://wiki.gnome.org/Design/Apps/Maps/PublicTransportation

Looking forward to see some nice mockups to set my teeth into now :-)

Thursday, April 28, 2016

A little update on transit routing in Maps

So, I thought it is high time for a little update about the transit routing project in gnome-maps (thought I should make some post while we're still in April).
I talked a bit with Mattias Bengtsson before, and since he had been contemplating using OpenTripPlanner (OTP) for his GSoC project a couple of year ago and found it didn't scale too well for general turn-based routing, he was quite excited about my idea of combing GraphHopper and OTP, using OTP with just transit data (loaded from GTFS feeds).

The basic idea here (when in transit mode) is to first run a query against OTP and as a further step do a ”refinement“ by re-running the parts of the routes where OTP selects walking between two transit locations.

An additional step has proven nessesary, since OTP, when running without OpenStreetMap ”street data” will approximate the walking ”legs“ of the trip as a straight line, which can be too optimistic in some instances. Therefore we do an extra safe-calculation to see if a particular itinerary seems reasonable with respect to time needed for walking (this is needed when there's walking in the middle of an itinerary, and there's an upcoming transit section that needs to be ”caught”).

Anyway, some screenshots:


Here we can see an itinerary where there's some walking in the start, it also tries to recalculate walking parts in the start and end by using the actual starting points as selected in the routing pane, instead of relying on the ones returned by OTP, which are based on the nearest transit stop.
The reason the transit part of trip (the solid line) is “jagged“ is that the data used here doesn't include shapes for the transit lines, so in this case OTP will interpolate with intermediate stops passed by in between.

A bit more beatiful routes can be obtained using data from the bus company serving the island of Honolulu:


Currenly it is hard-wired to always show the first returned trip. Also, as you can see it still doesn't render any intructions lists and the combobox to select departing/arrival time is not hooked up to anything yet.

As before the code can be found in the wip/mlundblad/transit-routing branch.

Also, there's some bug that sometimes gives a segmentation fault in Clutter (possibly there's some race condition in the code I rewrote to allow dynamically creating routing layers, to allow showing the dashed and solid lines interchangably). Unfortunatly debugging these things from JS is not all that fun…

Monday, March 21, 2016

Experimenting some more with map layers

One of the new nice features of Maps 3.20 is the ability of loading map layers in GeoJSON, KML, and GPX formats.
As I wrote about earlier, I have been experimenting with transit routing support. For that I have been using OpenTripPlanner, which has a notion of ”routers” (or “graphs“ as it could also be refered too) being discrete graphs consisting of nodes and connecting paths (such as transit routes) making up separate transit networks.
I thought it might be useful to get a visual picture of the sample data, so I got the idea of building a little tool that pulls the router information from a running OTP instance and generates a GeoJSON representation.

The code can be found here: https://github.com/mlundblad/otp-routers-to-geojson

This script, which by the way is my second case of using GJS as a scripting language, is rather simple and just takes as the one and only argument a URL to a running OTP instance (i.e. http://localhost:8080/otp when running a local server on your machine) and writes the output on stdout.

The script will skip any case where the graph's bounding polygon only consists of two points (not sure if that really would happen in reality).

Loading a generated layer into Maps can result in something like this:


The big diamond-shaped graph is probably the result of some malformed data, as that stems from the national transit feed from Estonia.

I hope you find this useful! :-)

Tuesday, March 8, 2016

View your tracks in Maps

Thought I should mention another nice feature that we have landed for 3.20, thanks to the nice work done by Hashem. Namely that you can now load GPX tracks recorded using i.e. a smart phone into Maps.

In the layers popover there is now a button to load geographical annotated data, it also supports loading geometries in GEO-Json format and KML (the format used in Google Earth).



This screenshot shows parts of a track recorded during a train trip (as you can see the track makes some jittery motions occasionally, but that is due to a bit shaky GPS reception).

Loaded layers shows up in the layers popover as shown below:


So now you can visualize trips and workout sessions directly in Maps. Also with shared-mime-info version 1.6 (which should be included in distros when shipping GNOME 3.20) double-clicking on a .gpx file should bring up Maps directly with the track loaded, as it registers itself as a mime handler for this mime-type.

The GPX track shown is awailable here https://cloud.gnome.org/index.php/s/G2YtwrveFo9RRjq
if you like something to play with.